Dear Friends,

Cognitive decline, memory loss, and foggy thinking are on the rise and do not automatically accompany old age but affect all ages (Joseph, 2009).

Plant polyphenols and a healthy microbiome in the GI tract have shown to strongly support a healthy functioning nervous system, regenerate nerve tissue and protect against the onset of neuro-degenerative decline (Brewer et al., 2010; Burokas et al., 2015).

Therapeutic Food Protocol for Cognitive Support.

Food Science

A declining nervous system leads to the problematic onset of neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s).  Protecting against this decline, berry fruit polyphenols were examined, and in particular, blueberry extract anthocyanins for their multiplicity of actions that goes beyond the established antioxidant ability (Galli et al., 2002). The other possible mechanisms for the berry’s positive effects include: direct effects on signaling to enhance neuronal communication (Joseph et al., 2003), the ability to buffer against excess calcium (Joseph et al., 2004), enhancement of neuroprotective stress shock proteins (Galli et al., 2006), and reduction of stress signals such as nuclear factor B (NF-B) (Goyarzu et al., 2004).  Additionally, the anthocyanins contained in blueberries have been shown to enter the brain, and their concentrations were correlated with cognitive performance (Andres-Lacueva et al., 2005).

The brain-gut axis is a bidirectional communication system between the central nervous system (CNS) and the gastrointestinal tract. Regulation of the microbiota-brain-gut axis is essential for maintaining homeostasis, including that of the CNS. It is clear that the gut microbiota can be a key regulator of mood, cognition, pain, and obesity (Burokas et al., 2015; Borre et al., 2014).

Bibliography

  • Andres-Lacueva, C., Shukitt-Hale, B., Galli RL., Jauregui O., Lamuela-Reventos, RM., Joseph, J. (2005). Anthocyanins in aged blueberry-fed rats are found centrally and may enhance memory. Nutr Neurosci; 8:111-120.
  • Borre, Y.E., Moloney, R.D., Clarke, G., Dinana, T.G., Cryan, J.F. (2014). The impact of microbiota on brain and behavior: mechanisms & therapeutic potential. Adv Exp Med Biol, 817, 373-403.
  • Brewer, G.J., Torricelli, J.R., Lindsey, A.L., Kunz, E.Z., Neuman, A., Fisher, D.R., & Joseph, J.A. (2010). Age-related toxicity of amyloid-beta associated with increased pERK and pCREB in primary hippocampal neurons: reversal by blueberry extract. J Nutr Biochem, 21, 991-998.
  • Burokas, A., Moloney, RD., Dinan, TG., Cryan, JF. (2015). Microbiotia regulation of the Mammalian gut-brain axis. Adv Appl Microbiol; 91(1): 1-62.
  • Galli, R.L., Shukitt-Hale, B., Youdim, K.A.. Joseph, J.A. (2002). Fruit polyphenolics and brain aging:  nutritional interventions targeting age-related neuronal and behavioral deficits. Ann NY Acad Sci; 959: 128-32.
  • Galli,RL., Bielinski, DF., Szprengiel, A., Shukitt-Ale, B., Joseph, J. (2006). Blueberry supplemented diet reverses age-related decline in hippocampal HSP70 neuroprotection.  Neurobiol Aging; 27:344-350.
  • Goyarzu, P., Malin, DH., Lau FC., Taglialatela, G. Moon, WD., Jennings, R., Moy, E., et al. (2004).  Blueberry supplemented diet: effects on object recognition memory and nuclear factor kappa B levels in aged rats. Nutr Neurosci: 7:75-83.
  • Joseph, J., Denisova, NA., Arendash, G., Gordon, M., Diamond, D., Shukitt-Hale, B., Morgan, D. (2003).  Blueberry supplementation enhances signaling and prevents behavioral deficits in an Alzheimer disease model. Nutr Neurosci 6:153-162.
  • Joseph, J., Fisher, D.R., Carey, AN. (2004). Fruit extracts antagonize Abeta- or DA- induced deficits in Ca2++ flux in M1-transfect COS-7 cells. J Alzheimers Dis; 6:403;discussion 443-9.
  • Joseph, J., Cole, G., Head, E., Ingram, D. (2009). Nutrition, brain aging, and neurodegeneration. J Neurosci; 29(41): 12795-801.
  • Joseph, J.A., Denisova, N.A., Arendash, G., Gordon, M., Diamond, D., Shukitt-Hale, B., Morgan, D. (2003). Blueberry supplementation enhances signaling and prevents behavioral deficits in an Alzheimer disease model. Nutr Neurosci, 6, 153-162.

Sincerely yours,

Seann

We have developed our products based on scientific research and/or the practical experience of many healthcare practitioners.  There is a growing body of literature on food based nutrition and supplements and their application in support of our health. Please use our products under the advisement of your doctor.

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